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Language Server Protocol native server for Coq







coq-lsp is a Language
and Visual
Studio Code
extension for the Coq Proof

Key features of coq-lsp are continuous and incremental document
checking, advanced error recovery, markdown support, positional goals and
information panel, performance data, and more.

coq-lsp aims to provide a seamless, modern interactive theorem proving
experience, as well as to serve as a platform for research and UI integration
with other projects.


In order to use coq-lsp you'll need to install both the
coq-lsp server, and the Visual Studio Code extension:

  • opam: opam install coq-lsp

  • Nix (coming soon)

  • Coq Platform (coming soon)

  • Do it yourself!

Visual Studio Code:
  • Official Marketplace:

  • Open VSX:


See our list of frequently-asked questions.


Contributions are very welcome! Feel free to chat with the dev team in Zulip, or
just use the standard GitHub facilities. We will soon publish a thing of
interesting projects for coq-lsp in case you are looking for ideas.

Development Channel

coq-lsp development channel it at Coq's
, don't hesitate
to stop by.


  • Most problems can be resolved by restarting coq-lsp, in Visual Studio Code,
    Ctrl+Shift+P will give you access to the coq-lsp.restart command.

  • In VSCode, the "Output" window will have a "Coq LSP Server Events"
    channel which should contain some important information.

  • As of today, coq-lsp may have trouble when more than one file is open at
    the same time, this is a problem upstream. For now, you are advised to
    work on a single file if this problem appears.

  • If you install coq-lsp simultaneously with VSCoq, VSCode gets confused and
    neither of them will work. Help with resolving this
    issue is extremely


Incremental compilation and continuous document checking:

Edit your file, and coq-lsp will try to re-check only what is necessary,
continuously. No more dreaded Ctrl-C Ctrl-N! Rechecking tries to be smart,
and will ignore whitespace changes.

Incremental checking

In a future release, coq-lsp will save its document cache to disk, so you can
restart your proof session where you left it at the last time.

Incremental support is undergoing refinement, if coq-lsp rechecks when it
should not, please file a bug!

Smart, Cache-aware Error recovery

coq-lsp won't stop checking on errors, but supports (and encourages) working
with proof documents that are only partially working. Moreover, error recovery
integrates with the incremental cache, and will recognize proof structure.

You can edit without fear inside a Proof. ... Qed., the rest of the document
won't be rechecked, unless the proof is completed.

Whole-Document Goal Display

Press Alt+Enter (or Cmd+Enter in Mac) to show goals at point in a side

Whole-Document Goal Display

Markdown support

Open a markdown file with a .mv extension, coq-lsp will check the code
parts! coq-lsp places human-friendly documents at the core of its design

Coq + Markdown Editing

Document outline:

coq-lsp supports document outline and code folding, allowing you to jump
directly to definitions in the document.

Document Outline Demo

Detailed timing and memory stats

Hover over any Coq sentence, coq-lsp will display detailed memory and timing

Stats on Hover

Client-side configuration options

coq-lsp is configurable, and tries to adapt to your own workflow. What to do
when a proof doesn't check, admit or ignore? You decide!

See the coq-lsp extension configuration in VSCode for options available.

Configuration screen

Reusability, standards, modularity

The incremental document checking library of coq-lsp has been designed to be
reusable by other projects written in OCaml and with needs for document
validation UI, as well as by other Coq projects such as jsCoq.

Moreover, we are strongly based on standards, aiming for the least possible

A Platform for Research !

A key coq-lsp goal is to serve as central platform for researchers in
Human-Computer-Interaction, Machine Learning, and Software Engineering willing
to interact with Coq.

Towards this goal, coq-lsp extends and will eventually replace coq-serapi,
which has been used by many to that purpose.

Planned features

See planned features and contribution ideas for a
list of things we plan to do, and tasks that you could take over.

Protocol Notes

coq-lsp mostly implements the LSP Standard, plus some extensions specific to Coq.

Check the coq-lsp protocol documentation for more details.

Development / Building from sources


To build the server, you'll need and environment with the dependencies stated
in coq-lsp.opam.

make will build the server at _build/install/default/bin/coq-lsp


We have a Nix flake that you can use. For development, simply run nix develop.

If you wish to do nix build or compose this flake from another project, you
will need to use the .?submodules=1` trick, since we use submodules here for
vendoring. For example, building requires:

nix build .?submodules=1

You can use this flake in other flakes or Nix derviations.

Visual Studio Code:

There are two ways to work with the VS Code extension: you can let VS Code
itself take care of building it (preferred setup), or you can build it manually.

First, run npm install in editor/code:

(cd editor/code && npm i)

That will setup the required packages as it is usual. You can run package.json
scripts the usual way:

(cd editor/code && npm run typecheck) # typecheck the project
(cd editor/code && npm run compile) # fast dev-transpile (no typecheck)

If you want to work with VS Code, these commands are not necessary, VS Code will
build the project automatically.

Launch VS Code using dune exec -- code -n editor/code, which will setup the
right environment variables such as PATH and OCAMLPATH, so the coq-lsp
binary can be found by VS Code. If you have installed coq-lsp globally, you
don't need dune exec, and can just run code -n editor/code.

Once in VS Code, you can launch the extension normally using the left "Run and
Debug" panel in Visual Studio Code, or the F5 keybinding.

You can of course install the extension in your ~/.vscode/ folder if so you


You can use coq-lsp with eglot.

If you find any trouble using eglot or lsp-mode with coq-lsp, please don't
hesitate to open an issue, Emacs support is a goal of coq-lsp.


For now the main focus of the project to write clean and maintainable code, and
to provide a smooth user experience.

A core goal at this stage is to provide feedback upstream so the Coq API can be
tailored to provide a good interactive experience.

For the planned first release, we hope to provide a reasonable implementation
of core LSP features, editor support in VS Code.

Code organization

coq-lsp consists of several components:

  • coq-serapi: [vendored] improved utility functions to handle Coq AST

  • coq: Utility library / abstracted Coq API. This is the main entry point for
    communication with Coq.

  • fleche: incremental document processing backend. Exposes a generic API, but
    closely modelled to match LSP methods

  • lsp: small generic LSP utilities, at some point to be replaced by a generic

  • controller: LSP controller, a thin layer translating LSP transport layer to
    flèche surface API.

Licensing information

The license for this project is LGPL 2.1 (or GPL 3+ as stated in the LGPL 2.1).

  • This server forked from our previous LSP implementation in for the
    Lambdapi by Emilio J. Gallego Arias,
    Frédéric Blanqui, Rodolphe Lepigre, and others.

  • Syntax files in editor/code are partially derived from
    VSCoq by Christian J. Bell, distributed
    under the terms of the MIT license (see ./vsc-galinas/License-vscoq.text).


  • Ali Caglayan (co-coordinator)

  • Emilio J. Gallego Arias (Inria Paris, co-coordinator)

  • Shachar Itzhaky (Technion)

  • Ramkumar Ramachandra


Work on this server has been made possible thanks to many discussions,
inspirations, and sharing of ideas from colleagues. In particular, we'd like to
thank Rudi Grinberg, Andrey Mokhov, Clément Pit-Claudel, and Makarius Wenzel
for their help and advice.

As noted above, the original implementation was based on the Lambdapi LSP
server, thanks to all our collaborators in that project!