This library provides two new integer types,
guarantee efficient representation on 64-bit architectures and provide a
best-effort boxed representation on 32-bit architectures.
Int64.t types provided by the standard library have
the same heap-allocated representation on all architectures. This consistent
representation has costs in both memory and run-time performance.
On 64-bit architectures, it's often more efficient to use the native
This library provides types to do exactly this:
Optint.t: an integer containing at least 32 bits. On 64-bit, this is an
immediate integer; on 32-bit, it is a boxed 32-bit value. The overflow
behaviour is platform-dependent.
Int63.t: an integer containing exactly 63 bits. On 64-bit, this is an
immediate integer; on 32-bit, it is a boxed 64-bit integer that is wrapped to
provide 63-bit two's complement semantics. The two implementations are
observationally equivalent, modulo use of
| Integer type | 32-bit representation | 64-bit representation | Semantics |
| -- | -- | -- | -- |
Stdlib.Int.t | 31-bit immediate ✅ | 63-bit immediate ✅ | Always immediate |
Stdlib.Nativeint.t | 32-bit boxed ❌ | 64-bit boxed ❌ | Exactly word size |
Stdlib.Int32.t | 32-bit boxed ❌ | 32-bit boxed ❌ | Exactly 32 bits |
Stdlib.Int64.t | 64-bit boxed ❌ | 64-bit boxed ❌ | Exactly 64 bits |
Optint.t (new) | 32-bit boxed ❌ | 63-bit immediate ✅ | At least 32 bits |
Int63.t (new) | 64-bit boxed ❌ | 63-bit immediate ✅ | Exactly 63 bits |
These new types are safe and well-tested, but their architecture-dependent
implementation makes them unsuitable for use with the
Marshal module. Use the
provided encode and decode functions instead.