reason

Reason: Syntax & Toolchain for OCaml
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Library reason.cmdliner

Terms

type +'a t

The type for terms evaluating to values of type 'a.

val const : 'a -> 'a t

const v is a term that evaluates to v.

val ($) : ( 'a -> 'b ) t -> 'a t -> 'b t

f $ v is a term that evaluates to the result of applying the evaluation of v to the one of f.

val app : ( 'a -> 'b ) t -> 'a t -> 'b t

app is ($).

type 'a ret = [
| `Help of [ `Pager | `Plain | `Groff ] * string option
| `Error of bool * string
| `Ok of 'a
]

The type for command return values. See ret.

val ret : 'a ret t -> 'a t

ret v is a term whose evaluation depends on the case to which v evaluates. With :

  • `Ok r, it evaluates to r.
  • `Error (usage,e), the evaluation fails and Cmdliner prints the error e and the term's usage if usage is true.
  • `Help (format, name), the evaluation fails and Cmdliner prints the term's man page in the given format (or the man page for a specific name term in case of multiple term evaluation).
val main_name : string t

main_name is a term that evaluates to the "main" term's name.

val choice_names : string list t

choice_names is a term that evaluates to the names of the terms to choose from.

val man_format : [ `Pager | `Plain | `Groff ] t

man_format is a term that defines a --man-format option and evaluates to a value that can be used with Manpage.print.

Term information

Term information defines the name and man page of a term. For simple evaluation this is the name of the program and its man page. For multiple term evaluation, this is the name of a command and its man page.

type info

The type for term information.

val info : ?sdocs:string -> ?man:Manpage.block list -> ?docs:string -> ?doc:string -> ?version:string -> string -> info

info sdocs man docs doc version name is a term information such that:

  • name is the name of the program or the command.
  • version is the version string of the program, ignored for commands.
  • doc is a one line description of the program or command used for the NAME section of the term's man page. For commands this description is also used in the list of commands of the main term's man page.
  • docs, only for commands, the title of the section of the main term's man page where it should be listed (defaults to "COMMANDS").
  • man is the text of the man page for the term. In the text, the variables "$(tname)" and "$(mname)" can respectively be used to refer to the value of name and the main term's name.
  • sdocs defines the title of the section in which the standard --help and --version arguments are listed.
val name : info -> string

name ti is the name of the term information.

Evaluation

type 'a result = [
| `Ok of 'a
| `Error of [ `Parse | `Term | `Exn ]
| `Version
| `Help
]

The type for evaluation results.

  • `Ok v, the term evaluated successfully and v is the result.
  • `Version, the version string of the main term was printed on the help formatter.
  • `Help, man page about the term was printed on the help formatter.
  • `Error `Parse, a command line parse error occured and was reported on the error formatter.
  • `Error `Term, a term evaluation error occured and was reported on the error formatter (see Term.ret).
  • `Error `Exn, an exception e was caught and reported on the error formatter (see the ~catch parameter of eval).
val eval : ?help:Format.formatter -> ?err:Format.formatter -> ?catch:bool -> ?env:( string -> string option ) -> ?argv:string array -> ('a t * info) -> 'a result

eval help err catch argv (t,i) is the evaluation result of t with command line arguments argv (defaults to Sys.argv).

If catch is true (default) uncaught exeptions are intercepted and their stack trace is written to the err formatter.

help is the formatter used to print help or version messages (defaults to Format.std_formatter). err is the formatter used to print error messages (defaults to Format.err_formatter).

env is used for environment variable lookup, the default uses Sys.getenv.

val eval_choice : ?help:Format.formatter -> ?err:Format.formatter -> ?catch:bool -> ?env:( string -> string option ) -> ?argv:string array -> ('a t * info) -> ('a t * info) list -> 'a result

eval_choice help err catch argv default (t,i) choices is like eval except that if the first argument on the command line is not an option name it will look in choices for a term whose information has this name and evaluate it.

If the command name is unknown an error is reported. If the name is unspecified the "main" term t is evaluated. i defines the name and man page of the program.

val eval_peek_opts : ?version_opt:bool -> ?env:( string -> string option ) -> ?argv:string array -> 'a t -> 'a option * 'a result

eval_peek_opts version_opt argv t evaluates t, a term made of optional arguments only, with the command line argv (defaults to Sys.argv). In this evaluation, unknown optional arguments and positional arguments are ignored.

The evaluation returns a pair. The first component is the result of parsing the command line argv stripped from any help and version option if version_opt is true (defaults to false). It results in:

  • Some _ if the command line would be parsed correctly given the partial knowledge in t.
  • None if a parse error would occur on the options of t

The second component is the result of parsing the command line argv without stripping the help and version options. It indicates what the evaluation would result in on argv given the partial knowledge in t (for example it would return `Help if there's a help option in argv). However in contrasts to eval and eval_choice no side effects like error reporting or help output occurs.

Note. Positional arguments can't be peeked without the full specification of the command line: we can't tell apart a positional argument from the value of an unknown optional argument.