package aches-lwt

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Aches-lwt: a variety of caches for promises

Aches_lwt is a library that provides caches (limited-size collections with automatic discarding of supernumerary elements) for a variety of uses around Lwt promises.

Lwt promises are I/O-dependent values which can take time to resolve. As such, using them in a more standard value cache (e.g., as provided by Aches) can lead to race conditions. The most common scenario leading to a race condition is because of the possible delay between testing whether a value is held in a cache and resolving a fresh value:

(* with a normal cache holding non-promise values *)
match find_opt c k with
| None ->
    (* value is not there *)
    let* v = … in (* make missing values *)
    (* oops the Lwt scheduler has kicked in and there is delay here *)
    replace c k v; (* insert *)
    … (* use [v] *)
| Some v ->
    … (* use [v] *)

Aches-lwt avoids these race conditions by working directly with promises in the backend, providing a carefully selected API and maintaining a strict cancelling discipline.

module Lache = Lache

Lwt-promise caches


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