package pattern

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Description

pattern is a PPX extension that generates functions from patterns that explain match failures by returning the common context and the list of differences between a pattern and a value

Published: 16 May 2019

README

Run-time patterns that explain match failures

pattern is a PPX extension that generates functions from patterns that explain match failures by returning the common context and the list of differences between a pattern and a value.

To quote the differences, the generated function needs a /quoter/ for the value to be matched, that is to say a function of type 'a -> Parsetree.expression where 'a is the type of the matched value. Such a quoter may be derived by using the ppxlib.traverse_lift deriving plugin and the ppxlib.metaquot_lifters library.

type example = { x : int; y : int; z : int }
    [@@deriving traverse_lift]

let quoter = object
  inherit Ppxlib_metaquot_lifters.expression_lifters Location.none
  inherit [Parsetree.expression] lift
end

let () =
  let v = { x = 1; y = 2; z = 3 } in
  match [%pattern? { x = 1; y = 2; z = 4 }] ~quoted:(quoter#example v) v with
  | Ok () -> assert false
  | Error failure ->
      Format.printf "%a@." Pattern_runtime.format_failure failure;
      (* { x = _; y = _; z = (@0) }
         @0: Expected: 4
             Got: 3 *)
      begin
        match failure with
        | { common = [%pat?
              { x = _; y = _;
                z = [%p? { ppat_desc = Ppat_var { txt = "@0"; _ }; _}]}];
            mismatches = [{
              ident = "@0";
              expected = [%pat? 4];
              got = Some [%expr 3];
            }]} -> ()
        | _ -> assert false
      end

If patterns have binders, then in case of successful match, the generated function returns Ok bindings, where bindings is an object, with one constant method for each binder.

let () =
  let v = { x = 1; y = 2; z = 3 } in
  match [%pattern? { x; y; z }] ~quoted:(quoter#example v) v with
  | Ok binders ->
      assert (binders#x = 1);
      assert (binders#y = 2);
      assert (binders#z = 3)
  | Error failure ->
      Format.printf "%a@." Pattern_runtime.format_failure failure;
      assert false

Dependencies (5)

  1. ocaml >= "4.04.1" & < "4.08.0"
  2. ppx_deriving
  3. stdcompat
  4. ppxlib < "0.9.0"
  5. dune >= "1.9.1"

Dev Dependencies

None

Used by (1)

  1. clangml = "4.0.1"

Conflicts

None

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