package embedded_ocaml_templates

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EML is a simple templating language that lets you generate text with plain OCaml


Dune Dependency






EML is a simple templating language that lets you generate text with plain OCaml

Published: 31 Mar 2023


Embedded Ocaml Templates

EML is a simple templating language that lets you generate text with plain OCaml. It is analogous to the way you would write PHP pages, but the langage being Ocaml instead.

The syntax is as follow :

First of all, you can declare the template's arguments at the top of the template :

<%# arg1 (arg2:type) (arg3_1, arg3_2) %>

This is optionnal, but this is the way to get ocaml values from the outside. You could also link a library that exposes the values.

Then you can use two tags :

<% ocaml code here %>

This tag expect any ocaml code. If what you put in here is an expression of type unit, you should include the ";" yourself. You are able to open parenthesis and close them in a subsequent tag.

<%= ocaml expression here %>

This tag expect an expression of type string and is going to be replaced by the value of the expression, with HTML escaping. If this tag is inside a loop or an if statement, or any control structure, it's going to behave the way you would expect it to : outputting its content every time the branch is executed, with the right context.

This tag has a variant :

<%i= ocaml expression here %>

Here you can use any "simple" printf format specifier, where simple is defined by the following regex :

  'd' | 'i' | 'u' | 'n' | 'l' | 'N' | 'L' | 'x' | 'o' | 'X' | 's' | 'c'
| 'S' | 'C' | 'f' | 'e' | 'E' | 'g' | 'G' | 'h' | 'H' | 'b' | 'B'
| ('l' | 'n' | 'L'), ('d' | 'i' | 'u' | 'x' | 'X' | 'o')
| 't'

You can notice that <%s- x %> is equivalent to <%- x %>

You can use more complicated printf format specifiers with format flags, width and precision using the following syntax :

<%[i%]= ocaml expression here %>

Every time = is used to mark an outputting tag, it can be replaced by - to disable HTML escaping.

A slurp marker is also provided : <_% slurps whitespaces before it, and %_> after. It can be combined with output tags this way : <_%=.

Identifiers prefixed with __eml_ are reserved. This includes string delimiters {__eml_| and |__eml_}. Using them will not necessarily raise an error, but there is no guarantee if you do.

Because OCaml does not have an eval function, the templates have to be compiled. What is provided by this package is an executable that will compile either a single .eml file into an OCaml module containing a function that render the template, or take a whole directory containing a function for each .eml file and a submodule for each subdirectory (recursively).

Here is an exemple of a dune rule:

 (deps (source_tree templates))
 (action (run eml_compiler templates)))

There is also a ppx rewriter provided :

let name = "John"
let john = [%eml "<%-name%>"]

You can use the argument tag this way :

let user = [%eml "<%# name age %>name:<%-name%>, age:<%i- age%>"]

But in my opinion it is more elegant to write :

let user name age = [%eml "name:<%-name%>, age:<%i- age%>"]

There is also this nice new syntax that available from OCaml 4.11 onward :

let user name age = {%eml|name:<%-name%>, age:<%i- age%>|}

Dependencies (8)

  1. ppx_inline_test
  2. containers
  3. ppxlib >= "0.18.0"
  4. pprint
  5. uutf
  6. sedlex >= "2.0"
  7. ocaml >= "4.08.0"
  8. dune >= "3.6"

Dev Dependencies (1)

  1. odoc with-doc

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