package containers

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Particularly useful for memoization. See with_cache and with_cache_rec for more details.

  • since 0.6
type 'a equal = 'a -> 'a -> bool
type 'a hash = 'a -> int

Value interface

Typical use case: one wants to memoize a function f : 'a -> 'b. Code sample:

let f x =
  print_endline "call f";
  x + 1;;

let f' = with_cache (lru 256) f;;
f' 0;;  (* prints *)
f' 1;;  (* prints *)
f' 0;;  (* doesn't print, returns cached value *)
  • since 0.6
type ('a, 'b) t
val clear : (_, _) t -> unit

Clear the content of the cache.

type ('a, 'b) callback = in_cache:bool -> 'a -> 'b -> unit

Type of the callback that is called once a cached value is found or not. Should never raise.

  • parameter in_cache

    is true if the value was in cache, false if the value was just produced.

  • since 1.3
val with_cache : ?cb:('a, 'b) callback -> ('a, 'b) t -> ('a -> 'b) -> 'a -> 'b

with_cache c f behaves like f, but caches calls to f in the cache c. It always returns the same value as f x, if f x returns, or raise the same exception. However, f may not be called if x is in the cache.

  • parameter cb

    called after the value is generated or retrieved.

val with_cache_rec : ?cb:('a, 'b) callback -> ('a, 'b) t -> (('a -> 'b) -> 'a -> 'b) -> 'a -> 'b

with_cache_rec c f is a function that first, applies f to some f' = fix f, such that recursive calls to f' are cached in c. It is similar to with_cache but with a function that takes as first argument its own recursive version. Example (memoized Fibonacci function):

let fib = with_cache_rec (lru 256)
    (fun fib' n -> match n with
       | 1 | 2 -> 1
       | _ -> fib' (n-1) + fib' (n-2)

fib 70;;
  • parameter cb

    called after the value is generated or retrieved.

val size : (_, _) t -> int

Size of the cache (number of entries). At most linear in the number of entries.

val iter : ('a, 'b) t -> ('a -> 'b -> unit) -> unit

Iterate on cached values. Should yield size cache pairs.

val add : ('a, 'b) t -> 'a -> 'b -> bool

Manually add a cached value. Return true if the value has successfully been added, and false if the value was already bound.

  • since 1.5
val dummy : ('a, 'b) t

Dummy cache, never stores any value.

val linear : eq:'a equal -> int -> ('a, 'b) t

Linear cache with the given size. It stores key/value pairs in an array and does linear search at every call, so it should only be used with small size.

  • parameter eq

    optional equality predicate for keys.

val replacing : eq:'a equal -> ?hash:'a hash -> int -> ('a, 'b) t

Replacing cache of the given size. Equality and hash functions can be parametrized. It's a hash table that handles collisions by replacing the old value with the new (so a cache entry is evicted when another entry with the same hash (modulo size) is added). Never grows wider than the given size.

val lru : eq:'a equal -> ?hash:'a hash -> int -> ('a, 'b) t

LRU cache of the given size ("Least Recently Used": keys that have not been used recently are deleted first). Never grows wider than the given size.

val unbounded : eq:'a equal -> ?hash:'a hash -> int -> ('a, 'b) t

Unbounded cache, backed by a Hash table. Will grow forever unless clear is called manually.


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