package containers

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Helpers for Format

  • since 0.8
type 'a sequence = ('a -> unit) -> unit
include module type of struct include Format end
val open_box : int -> unit
val close_box : unit -> unit
val print_string : string -> unit
val print_as : int -> string -> unit
val print_int : int -> unit
val print_float : float -> unit
val print_char : char -> unit
val print_bool : bool -> unit
val print_space : unit -> unit
val print_cut : unit -> unit
val print_break : int -> int -> unit
val print_flush : unit -> unit
val print_newline : unit -> unit
val force_newline : unit -> unit
val print_if_newline : unit -> unit
val set_margin : int -> unit
val get_margin : unit -> int
val set_max_indent : int -> unit
val get_max_indent : unit -> int
val set_max_boxes : int -> unit
val get_max_boxes : unit -> int
val over_max_boxes : unit -> bool
val open_hbox : unit -> unit
val open_vbox : int -> unit
val open_hvbox : int -> unit
val open_hovbox : int -> unit
val set_ellipsis_text : string -> unit
val get_ellipsis_text : unit -> string
type tag = string
val open_tag : tag -> unit
val close_tag : unit -> unit
val set_tags : bool -> unit
val set_print_tags : bool -> unit
val set_mark_tags : bool -> unit
val get_print_tags : unit -> bool
val get_mark_tags : unit -> bool
val set_formatter_out_channel : Pervasives.out_channel -> unit
val set_formatter_output_functions : (string -> int -> int -> unit) -> (unit -> unit) -> unit
val get_formatter_output_functions : unit -> (string -> int -> int -> unit) * (unit -> unit)
type formatter_out_functions = Format.formatter_out_functions = {
  1. out_string : string -> int -> int -> unit;
  2. out_flush : unit -> unit;
  3. out_newline : unit -> unit;
  4. out_spaces : int -> unit;
}
val set_formatter_out_functions : formatter_out_functions -> unit
val get_formatter_out_functions : unit -> formatter_out_functions
type formatter_tag_functions = Format.formatter_tag_functions = {
  1. mark_open_tag : tag -> string;
  2. mark_close_tag : tag -> string;
  3. print_open_tag : tag -> unit;
  4. print_close_tag : tag -> unit;
}
val set_formatter_tag_functions : formatter_tag_functions -> unit
val get_formatter_tag_functions : unit -> formatter_tag_functions
type formatter = Format.formatter
val formatter_of_out_channel : Pervasives.out_channel -> formatter
val std_formatter : formatter
val err_formatter : formatter
val formatter_of_buffer : Buffer.t -> formatter
val stdbuf : Buffer.t
val str_formatter : formatter
val flush_str_formatter : unit -> string
val make_formatter : (string -> int -> int -> unit) -> (unit -> unit) -> formatter
val pp_open_hbox : formatter -> unit -> unit
val pp_open_vbox : formatter -> int -> unit
val pp_open_hvbox : formatter -> int -> unit
val pp_open_hovbox : formatter -> int -> unit
val pp_open_box : formatter -> int -> unit
val pp_close_box : formatter -> unit -> unit
val pp_open_tag : formatter -> string -> unit
val pp_close_tag : formatter -> unit -> unit
val pp_print_string : formatter -> string -> unit
val pp_print_as : formatter -> int -> string -> unit
val pp_print_int : formatter -> int -> unit
val pp_print_float : formatter -> float -> unit
val pp_print_char : formatter -> char -> unit
val pp_print_bool : formatter -> bool -> unit
val pp_print_break : formatter -> int -> int -> unit
val pp_print_cut : formatter -> unit -> unit
val pp_print_space : formatter -> unit -> unit
val pp_force_newline : formatter -> unit -> unit
val pp_print_flush : formatter -> unit -> unit
val pp_print_newline : formatter -> unit -> unit
val pp_print_if_newline : formatter -> unit -> unit
val pp_set_tags : formatter -> bool -> unit
val pp_set_print_tags : formatter -> bool -> unit
val pp_set_mark_tags : formatter -> bool -> unit
val pp_get_print_tags : formatter -> unit -> bool
val pp_get_mark_tags : formatter -> unit -> bool
val pp_set_margin : formatter -> int -> unit
val pp_get_margin : formatter -> unit -> int
val pp_set_max_indent : formatter -> int -> unit
val pp_get_max_indent : formatter -> unit -> int
val pp_set_max_boxes : formatter -> int -> unit
val pp_get_max_boxes : formatter -> unit -> int
val pp_over_max_boxes : formatter -> unit -> bool
val pp_set_ellipsis_text : formatter -> string -> unit
val pp_get_ellipsis_text : formatter -> unit -> string
val pp_set_formatter_out_channel : formatter -> Pervasives.out_channel -> unit
val pp_set_formatter_output_functions : formatter -> (string -> int -> int -> unit) -> (unit -> unit) -> unit
val pp_get_formatter_output_functions : formatter -> unit -> (string -> int -> int -> unit) * (unit -> unit)
val pp_set_formatter_tag_functions : formatter -> formatter_tag_functions -> unit
val pp_get_formatter_tag_functions : formatter -> unit -> formatter_tag_functions
val pp_set_formatter_out_functions : formatter -> formatter_out_functions -> unit
val pp_get_formatter_out_functions : formatter -> unit -> formatter_out_functions
val pp_flush_formatter : formatter -> unit
val pp_print_list : ?pp_sep:(formatter -> unit -> unit) -> (formatter -> 'a -> unit) -> formatter -> 'a list -> unit
val pp_print_text : formatter -> string -> unit
val printf : ('a, formatter, unit) Pervasives.format -> 'a
val eprintf : ('a, formatter, unit) Pervasives.format -> 'a
val asprintf : ('a, formatter, unit, string) Pervasives.format4 -> 'a
val ifprintf : formatter -> ('a, formatter, unit) Pervasives.format -> 'a
val kfprintf : (formatter -> 'a) -> formatter -> ('b, formatter, unit, 'a) Pervasives.format4 -> 'b
val ikfprintf : (formatter -> 'a) -> formatter -> ('b, formatter, unit, 'a) Pervasives.format4 -> 'b
val kasprintf : (string -> 'a) -> ('b, formatter, unit, 'a) Pervasives.format4 -> 'b
val bprintf : Buffer.t -> ('a, formatter, unit) Pervasives.format -> 'a
  • deprecated
val kprintf : (string -> 'a) -> ('b, unit, string, 'a) Pervasives.format4 -> 'b
  • deprecated Use Format.ksprintf instead.
val set_all_formatter_output_functions : out:(string -> int -> int -> unit) -> flush:(unit -> unit) -> newline:(unit -> unit) -> spaces:(int -> unit) -> unit
  • deprecated Use Format.set_formatter_out_functions instead.
val get_all_formatter_output_functions : unit -> (string -> int -> int -> unit) * (unit -> unit) * (unit -> unit) * (int -> unit)
  • deprecated Use Format.get_formatter_out_functions instead.
val pp_set_all_formatter_output_functions : formatter -> out:(string -> int -> int -> unit) -> flush:(unit -> unit) -> newline:(unit -> unit) -> spaces:(int -> unit) -> unit
  • deprecated Use Format.pp_set_formatter_out_functions instead.
val pp_get_all_formatter_output_functions : formatter -> unit -> (string -> int -> int -> unit) * (unit -> unit) * (unit -> unit) * (int -> unit)
  • deprecated Use Format.pp_get_formatter_out_functions instead.
val pp_open_tbox : formatter -> unit -> unit
  • deprecated Tabulation boxes are not supported any more.
val pp_close_tbox : formatter -> unit -> unit
  • deprecated Tabulation boxes are not supported any more.
val pp_print_tbreak : formatter -> int -> int -> unit
  • deprecated Tabulation boxes are not supported any more.
val pp_set_tab : formatter -> unit -> unit
  • deprecated Tabulation boxes are not supported any more.
val pp_print_tab : formatter -> unit -> unit
  • deprecated Tabulation boxes are not supported any more.
val open_tbox : unit -> unit
  • deprecated Tabulation boxes are not supported any more.
val close_tbox : unit -> unit
  • deprecated Tabulation boxes are not supported any more.
val print_tbreak : int -> int -> unit
  • deprecated Tabulation boxes are not supported any more.
val set_tab : unit -> unit
  • deprecated Tabulation boxes are not supported any more.
val print_tab : unit -> unit
  • deprecated Tabulation boxes are not supported any more.
type t = Format.formatter
type 'a printer = t -> 'a -> unit

Combinators

val silent : 'a printer

Prints nothing.

val unit : unit printer

Prints "()".

val int : int printer
val string : string printer
val bool : bool printer
val float3 : float printer
val float : float printer
val newline : unit printer

Force newline (see Format.pp_force_newline).

  • since 1.2
val substring : (string * int * int) printer

Print the substring (s,i,len), where i is the offset in s and len the number of bytes in the substring.

  • raises Invalid_argument

    if the triple (s,i,len) does not describe a proper substring.

  • since 1.2
val text : string printer

Print string, but replacing spaces with breaks and newlines with newline. See pp_print_text on recent versions of OCaml.

  • since 1.2
val char : char printer
  • since 0.14
val int32 : int32 printer
  • since 0.14
val int64 : int64 printer
  • since 0.14
val nativeint : nativeint printer
  • since 0.14
val flush : unit printer

Alias to Format.pp_print_flush.

  • since 1.2
val string_quoted : string printer

Similar to CCString.print.

  • since 0.14
val list : ?sep:unit printer -> 'a printer -> 'a list printer
val array : ?sep:unit printer -> 'a printer -> 'a array printer
val arrayi : ?sep:unit printer -> (int * 'a) printer -> 'a array printer
val seq : ?sep:unit printer -> 'a printer -> 'a sequence printer
val opt : 'a printer -> 'a option printer

opt pp prints options as follows:

  • Some x will become "some foo" if pp x ---> "foo".
  • None will become "none".

In the tuple printers, the sep argument is only available.

  • since 0.17
val pair : ?sep:unit printer -> 'a printer -> 'b printer -> ('a * 'b) printer
val triple : ?sep:unit printer -> 'a printer -> 'b printer -> 'c printer -> ('a * 'b * 'c) printer
val quad : ?sep:unit printer -> 'a printer -> 'b printer -> 'c printer -> 'd printer -> ('a * 'b * 'c * 'd) printer
val within : string -> string -> 'a printer -> 'a printer

within a b p wraps p inside the strings a and b. Convenient, for instances, for brackets, parenthesis, quotes, etc.

  • since 0.17
val map : ('a -> 'b) -> 'b printer -> 'a printer
val vbox : ?i:int -> 'a printer -> 'a printer

Wrap the printer in a vertical box.

  • parameter i

    level of indentation within the box (default 0).

  • since 0.16
val hvbox : ?i:int -> 'a printer -> 'a printer

Wrap the printer in a horizontal/vertical box.

  • parameter i

    level of indentation within the box (default 0).

  • since 0.16
val hovbox : ?i:int -> 'a printer -> 'a printer

Wrap the printer in a horizontal or vertical box.

  • parameter i

    level of indentation within the box (default 0).

  • since 0.16
val hbox : 'a printer -> 'a printer

Wrap the printer in an horizontal box.

  • since 0.16
val return : ('a, _, _, 'a) Pervasives.format4 -> unit printer

return "some_format_string" takes a argument-less format string and returns a printer actionable by (). Examples:

  • return ",@ "
  • return "@{<Red>and then@}@,"
  • return "@[<v>a@ b@]"
  • since 1.0
val of_to_string : ('a -> string) -> 'a printer

of_to_string f converts its input to a string using f, then prints the string.

  • since 1.0
val const : 'a printer -> 'a -> unit printer

const pp x is a unit printer that uses pp on x.

  • since 1.0
val some : 'a printer -> 'a option printer

some pp will print options as follows:

  • Some x is printed using pp on x
  • None is not printed at all
  • since 1.0
val lazy_force : 'a printer -> 'a lazy_t printer

lazy_force pp out x forces x and prints the result with pp.

  • since 2.0
val lazy_or : ?default:unit printer -> 'a printer -> 'a lazy_t printer

lazy_or ?default pp out x prints default if x is not evaluated yet, or uses pp otherwise.

  • since 2.0

ANSI codes

Use ANSI escape codes https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ANSI_escape_code to put some colors on the terminal.

This uses tags in format strings to specify the style. Current styles are the following:

  • "reset" resets style
  • "black"
  • "red"
  • "green"
  • "yellow"
  • "blue"
  • "magenta"
  • "cyan"
  • "white"
  • "bold" bold font
  • "Black" bold black
  • "Red" bold red
  • "Green" bold green
  • "Yellow" bold yellow
  • "Blue" bold blue
  • "Magenta" bold magenta
  • "Cyan" bold cyan
  • "White" bold white

Example:

set_color_default true;;

Format.printf
  "what is your @{<White>favorite color@}? @{<blue>blue@}! No, @{<red>red@}! Ahhhhhhh@.";;

status: unstable

  • since 0.15
val set_color_tag_handling : t -> unit

Add functions to support color tags to the given formatter.

  • since 0.15
val set_color_default : bool -> unit

set_color_default b enables color handling on the standard formatters (stdout, stderr) if b = true as well as on sprintf formatters; it disables the color handling if b = false.

val with_color : string -> 'a printer -> 'a printer

with_color "Blue" pp behaves like the printer pp, but with the given style.

status: unstable

  • since 0.16
val with_colorf : string -> t -> ('a, t, unit, unit) Pervasives.format4 -> 'a

with_colorf "Blue" out "%s %d" "yolo" 42 will behave like Format.fprintf, but wrapping the content with the given style.

status: unstable

  • since 0.16
val with_color_sf : string -> ('a, t, unit, string) Pervasives.format4 -> 'a

with_color_sf "Blue" out "%s %d" "yolo" 42 will behave like sprintf, but wrapping the content with the given style.

Example:

CCFormat.with_color_sf "red" "%a" CCFormat.Dump.(list int) [1;2;3] |> print_endline;;

status: unstable

  • since 0.21
val with_color_ksf : f:(string -> 'b) -> string -> ('a, t, unit, 'b) Pervasives.format4 -> 'a

with_color_ksf "Blue" ~f "%s %d" "yolo" 42 will behave like ksprintf, but wrapping the content with the given style.

Example: the following with raise Failure with a colored message

CCFormat.with_color_ksf "red" ~f:failwith "%a" CCFormat.Dump.(list int) [1;2;3];;
  • since 1.2

IO

val output : t -> 'a printer -> 'a -> unit
val to_string : 'a printer -> 'a -> string
val of_chan : Pervasives.out_channel -> t

Alias to Format.formatter_of_out_channel.

  • since 1.2
val with_out_chan : Pervasives.out_channel -> (t -> 'a) -> 'a

with_out_chan oc f turns oc into a formatter fmt, and call f fmt. Behaves like f fmt from then on, but whether the call to f fails or returns, fmt is flushed before the call terminates.

  • since 1.2
val stdout : t
val stderr : t
val tee : t -> t -> t

tee a b makes a new formatter that writes in both a and b.

  • since 1.0
val sprintf : ('a, t, unit, string) Pervasives.format4 -> 'a

Print into a string any format string that would usually be compatible with fprintf. Like Format.asprintf.

val sprintf_no_color : ('a, t, unit, string) Pervasives.format4 -> 'a

Like sprintf but never prints colors.

  • since 0.16
val sprintf_dyn_color : colors:bool -> ('a, t, unit, string) Pervasives.format4 -> 'a

Like sprintf but enable/disable colors depending on colors.

Example:

(* with colors *)
CCFormat.sprintf_dyn_color ~colors:true "@{<Red>%a@}"
  CCFormat.Dump.(list int) [1;2;3] |> print_endline;;

(* without colors *)
CCFormat.sprintf_dyn_color ~colors:false "@{<Red>%a@}"
  CCFormat.Dump.(list int) [1;2;3] |> print_endline;;
  • since 0.21
val fprintf : t -> ('a, t, unit) Pervasives.format -> 'a

Alias to Format.fprintf.

  • since 0.14
val fprintf_dyn_color : colors:bool -> t -> ('a, t, unit) Pervasives.format -> 'a

Like fprintf but enable/disable colors depending on colors.

  • since 0.21
val ksprintf : ?margin:int -> f:(string -> 'b) -> ('a, Format.formatter, unit, 'b) Pervasives.format4 -> 'a

ksprintf fmt ~f formats using fmt, in a way similar to sprintf, and then calls f on the resulting string.

  • parameter margin

    set margin (since 2.1)

  • since 0.14
val to_file : string -> ('a, t, unit, unit) Pervasives.format4 -> 'a

Print to the given file.

Dump

Print structures as OCaml values, so that they can be parsed back by OCaml (typically, in the toplevel, for debugging).

Example:

Format.printf "%a@." CCFormat.Dump.(list int) CCList.(1 -- 200);;

Format.printf "%a@." CCFormat.Dump.(array (list (pair int bool)))
  [| [1, true; 2, false]; []; [42, false] |];;
  • since 0.21
module Dump : sig ... end
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